Nepal General Information

Introduction

Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and latitudinal variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 meters above the sea level to the highest point on earth — Mt Everest at 8,848 meters. This wild variation fosters an incredible variety of ecosystems, the greatest mountain range on earth, thick tropical jungles teeming with a wealth of wildlife, thundering rivers, forested hills and frozen valleys.

This spectacular geography has also produced one of the richest cultural landscapes anywhere. The country is a living museum of 59 registered ethnic groups and sub-groups with over 70 languages and dialects. Nepal offers an astonishing diversity of sightseeing attractions and adventure opportunities found nowhere else on earth. Besides, one can experience numerous local festivals round the year, observed by different ethnic communities highlighting age-old customs, beliefs and traditions.

Nepal - a country of amazing extremes, is the home of the world's highest mountains, historic cities and the forested plains where the lordly tigers and the great one- horned rhinoceros trundle at ease. In fact enchantment is everywhere- for anyone in search of Shangrila!

Nepal @ glance

  • Extension: 147,181 sq. km.
  • Population: 23,000,000
  • Border: Tibet (China) to the North and rest with India.
  • Region: Terai, Hill and Himalaya
  • Ethnic Groups: Sherpa, Tamang, Gurung, Magar, Rai, Limbu, Thakali, Lopa, Dolpo, Tharu, Satar, Dhangar, Rajbansi, Danwar, Majhi, Darai.
  • Religion: Buddhism, Hinduism, Kirat, Bon, Muslims, Christians etc.
  • Currency: Nepali Rupee.
  • Language: Nepali & various proper dialects. General English.
  • Time difference: + 5h 45'.
  • Altitude: It varies from 70 m to 8848 m, the highest in the world - Mt. Everest
  • Climate: Nepal has four major seasons

GEOGRAPHY

Nepal, a sovereign independent Kingdom, is bounded, on the North by the Tibetan Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China, the east-south and west by India. The length of the Kingdom is 885 kilometres east-west and its breadth varies from 145-241 kilometers north-south. The country can be divided into three main geographical regions.

(a) HIMALAYAN REGION
The altitude of this region ranges between 4877m. - 8848m. It includes 8 of the highest 14 summits in the world which exceed altitude of 8000 meters including, Annapurna, Dhaulagiri and others.

(b) MOUNTAIN REGIONS
This region accounts for about 64 percent of total land area. It is formed by the Mahabharat range that soars up to 4877 meter and the lower churia range.

(c) TERAI REGION.
The low-land Terai oceupies about 17 percent of the total land area of the country.

There is no seasonal constraint on travelling in and through Nepal. Even in December and January, when the winter is at its severest, there are compensating bright sun and brilliant views.

International Highlights

  • 8 of the world's 10 tallest mountains
  • 2% of all world's flowering plants
  • 8% or 848 species of the world's birds
  • 4%of the world's mammals
  • 11 of the 15 families of the earth's butterflies
  • 6,000 of the plant species known to the world
  • 319 species of the world's enchanting orchids

Popular Trekking in Nepal

  • Annapurna Base Camp Trekking

    Annapurna Base Camp Trekking

    Annapurna Base Camp Trekking (Annapurna Region) is located into the heart of Annapurna SanctuaryAnnapurna Base Camp Trekking is spectacular trek to the south face of Annapurna 1 ( 8091m/ 26545Ft ) offers breathtaking views of the Fishtail Peak Machhapuchhre ...

    Duration: 16 days / Grade: Moderate
  • Ghorepani Poon Hill Trekking

    Ghorepani Poon Hill Trekking

    Ghorepani Poonhill Trekking is short trek which winds through patchwork valley and dense mossy forests. Around any corner of tantalizing glimpse of High Mountain, you suppose you are in a corner of high point trek. Grehopani Poon Hill Trekking offers spectacular mountain ...

    Duration: 11 days / Grade: Medium
  • Tilicho Lake Trekking

    Tilicho Lake Trekking

    Tilicho Lake Trekking is one of those places that have had next to mythic connotation. Explore one of topmost trekking trails in the world laden with cultural and geographical diversity. View the stunning landscape of Rhododendron forest at Ghorepani, input the marvelous ...

    Duration: 17 days / Grade: Hard
  • Jomsom Muktinath Trekking

    Jomsom Muktinath Trekking

    Jomsom Muktinath Trekking is probably the most single and most popular Trekking in Nepal. The diverse landscapes and cultures to be found along this trekking route give a marvelous insight into the rural life of Nepalese people.

    Duration: 10 days / Grade: Easy
  • Langtang Gosaikunda Trekking

    Langtang Gosaikunda Trekking

    Langtang Gosaikunda Trekking Trek is one of the interesting trekking which offers you unusual attitudinal migrants such as Ibisbill and Gould's short wing, high altitude birds such as snow Patridge, Tibetan snow cock and Grandala.

    Duration: 17 days / Grade: Medium
  • Helambu Trekking

    Helambu Trekking

    Helambu Trekking, a short trek that brings into highlight the scenic beauty of rural Nepalese village and lifestyle. Trek to Helambu Valley leads you through the rice terraces, green valleys, dense forests of oak and Rhododendron with the back drop of majestic Himalayas.

    Duration: 11 days / Grade: Easy
  • Ganjala Pass Trekking

    Ganjala Pass Trekking

    Langtang Ganja La Pass Trekking starts from Dhunche and ends at Melamchi Pul. Langtang region is surrounded by Mt. Langtang Lirung (7245m), Yala Peak, Dorje – Lakpa (6966m), Urkeinmang (6387m), Leonpo Gang (6979m) and Kngchenpo.

    Duration: 16 days / Grade: Hard
  • Around Kathmandu Valley Trekking

    Around Kathmandu Valley Trekking

    Shivapuri Trekking (Around Kathmandu Valley Trekking) is located 13km north east of Kathmandu which is regarded as safe heaven for endangered species. This region accounts for one fourth of total water supply in the valley. Within its vicinity of 120 sq km , Shivapuri features eight ...

    Duration: 07 days / Grade: East
  • Everest Base Camp Trekking

    Everest Base Camp Trekking

    Everest Base Camp Trekking is a classic walk from Lukla to Kala Patthar to the base camp of the world's highest mountain. It's taken million of years and unimaginably powerful forces to create this mountain range. Everest base camp trek itinerary...

    Duration: 15 days / Grade: Medium
  • Everest High Pass Trekking

    Everest High Pass Trekking

    Everest High Pass Trekking ambitious trekker's intend on crossing high passes without the commitment to any technical climbing. Heading towards Everest we cross the Kangma La, Cho La and Renjola pass with the alpine pastures and lakes of Gokyo. Duration: 23 days / Grade: Hard

  • Gokyo Lake Trekking

    Gokyo Lake Trekking

    Gokyo Lake Trekking has been specially designed for travelers who are eager to experience the magnificience of the Everest range, without wanting too much mental and physical stress. The view from Gokyo is exceptionally beautiful and offers...

    Duration: 16 days / Grade: Medium
  • Manaslu Trekking

    Manaslu Trekking

    Manaslu trek has been proved as one of the fantastic & wonderful trekking route. It is a well-loved trekking route, which will offer you with pristine mountain views, rich culture & genuine adventure sum up the trek experience around the 8156m Manaslu.

    Duration: 28 days / Grade: Hard
  • Upper Mustang Trekking

    Upper Mustang Trekking

    Mustang is a remote, semi independent Tibetan kingdom within the territory of Nepal (just north of the Annapurna region on the Tibetan border) and one of the last bastions of undisturbed Tibetan culture in the world. Buddhist monasteries are built into forbidding

    Duration: 17 days / Grade: Medium
  • Gasnesh Himal Trekking

    Gasnesh Himal Trekking

    Ganesh Himal Trekking At Nuwakot the palace of late Prithvi Narayan Shah is situated, the first Shah king of the present ruling dynasty. Trisuli is a small town. The name Trisuli comes from the river Trisuli. Due to its fast flow Trisuli river is famous for rafting.

    Duration: 15 days / Grade: Medium
  • Dhaulagiri Trekking

    Dhaulagiri Trekking

    It was close for sometime to travel for trekkers and is re opened now from 2 years ago. Dhaulagiri Trekking follows a circuitous trail, first compelled by an Austrian expedition team in 1959 Around Dhaulagiri (8167m) and Tucuche peak (6920m).

    Duration: 27 days / Grade: Medium
  • Kanchenjunga Trekking

    Kanchenjunga Trekking

    Kunchenjunga Trekking is the trek to the base camp of the world's third highest peak, Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trekking, which is rich in natural beauty. In this vary region, a number of Glaciers originated from Himalaya...

    Duration: 28 days / Grade: Hard

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