Summary of Nepal

Are you thinking to travel to Nepal? Know the fact about Nepal, that makes your journey easy. What are the basic things you should know about Nepal that makes your trek amazing?

What is Capital city of Nepal?

Kathmandu city.

Area of Nepal

Nepal covers 147,181 sq.km of global area. Global area is 143,151 sq.km land and 4000 sq. km water.

How much is the population of Nepal?

According to Nepal census 2011 Nepal's population is estimated 26.4 million (26,494,504 (2011), it is 48th largest country by population and 93rd largest country by area. Population below 14 Years old is 34.19%, Population of age 15 to 59        is 54.15% & Population above 60 years is 8.13%

Life Expectancy

Average life expectancy is 66.16 Years, whereas male life expectancy is 64.94 years   and female life expectancy is 64.44 years.

Geographical Location

Nepal is divided into three geographical belts called Himal-Pahad-Terai. Himal lies in Himalayan area where people prefer for trekking, Pahad lies in between himal and tarai, which is also called as hilly area and Tarai is flat area that lies in southern part of Neal.

Since, Nepal is a landlocked country therefore there is no any direct access to Nepal through water route. Nepal lies in between India and China. Nepal have open border with India. There are ten highest peaks in the world among them, eight highest peaks lie in Nepal. So, Nepal is also called country of Himalaya.

Nepal contains the highest peak in the world which is called Mount Everest (Sagarmatha) having 8,848 meters (29,029 ft) height. Apart of that other Seven peaks also lies in Nepal namely, Lhotse, Makalu, Cho Oyu, Kangchenjunga, Dhaulagiri, Annapurna and Manaslu.

Ancient Nepal

Stone age tools found in the capital city of Nepal Kathmandu) says that people have been living in the Himalayan region for eleven thousand years at least.

Nepal is indicated in the late Vedic Atharvaveda and in the post-Vedic Atharvashirsha Upanishad. Nepal is also mentioned in Hindu texts such as the Narayana Puja and the regional text "Nepal Mahatmya" which claims to be a part of Skanda Purana. The Gopal Bansa were likely one of the earliest inhabitants of Kathmandu valley. The earliest rulers of Nepal were the Kiratas (Kirata Kingdom), peoples often mentioned in Hindu texts, who ruled Nepal for many centuries.

The Licchavi dynasty went into decline in the late 8th century, and was followed by a Newar or Thakuri era. Thakuri kings ruled over the country up to the middle of the 12th century CE; King Raghav Dev is said to have founded the ruling dynasty in October 869 CE. King Raghav Dev also started the Nepal Sambat. For more info. 

Administrative Division: 

Nepal is divided in to 7 provinces namely, Province 1, Province 2, Province 3, Ganaki Pradesh, Province 5, Karnali Pradesh, Sudurpaschim pradesh.

Nepal is divided in to 77 district that includes total of 753 local units which includes 6 metropolitan municipalities, 11 sub-metropolitan municipalities and 276 municipalities for a total of 293 urban municipalities, and 460 rural municipalities. Each local unit is composed of wards. There are 6,743 wards in total.

Language & Culture

Nepal is multilingual and multi-cultural country. Official language of Nepal is Nepali. The major languages of Nepal (percent spoken as native language) according to the 2011 census are Nepali (44.6%), Maithili (11.7%), Bhojpuri (6.0%), Tharu (5.8%), Tamang (5.1%), Nepal Bhasa (3.2%), Bajjika (3%) and Magar (3.0%), Doteli (3.0%), Urdu (2.6%), Awadhi (1.89%), and Sunwar. Nepal is home to at least four indigenous sign languages. Similar to the language diversity, those groups have their own unique culture, which you can explore during your trekking in Nepal.

Climate

Since, Nepal is divided in to three geographical belt, climate of Nepal is also differing according to those geographical belt. Generally, climate of Nepal is classified into four different seasons:

  1. Autumn Season: September to November
  2. Winter Season: December to February
  3. Spring Season: march to May
  4. Summer Season: June to August

If you are planning to visit Nepal or trekking in Nepal, you can choose best season.

Nepalese Currency and Foreign currency Exchange

Name of the Nepali currency is Rupees that is indicated as NPR or NRs. You can get Nepali money in to the format of 1 (coins), 2 (Coins), 5 (Note), 10 (note), 20 (Note), 50 (Note), 100 (Note), 500 (Note), 1000 (Note). For NRs.1 and NRs. 2, coins come in use frequently than notes.

If you want to exchange your currency in to Nepali, you can exchange in to the counter in airport or banks or any authorized counter. For rates and other information, you can refer website of Nepal Rastra Bank.

Monetary unit

1NPR = 100 paisa

Main Exports

Nepal exports some materials succh as carpets, clothing garments, leather goods, jute goods, other handmade items, medicine plant, Vegetables.

Internet domain

.np is Nepal's internet domain, authorized domain provider is Marcantile Communication.

Telephone/ Postal code

+977 is country code of Nepal.

Telecom

Nepal telecom (NTC) and NCELL are the popular telecome service provider in Nepal.