Tibet General Information

Introduction

Tibet is a most unusual and beautiful place. The majority of it's land rests above 4000 meters (13,000 feet) and is surrounded by mountain ranges on three sides. The awe-inspiring Himalayas are the highest in the world, as is the never ending Tibetan plateau. It is a place for the rugged adventurer as well as the spiritual wanderer.

Tibet is a land held back in time, housing many secrets. Nomads remain much the same as they did one hundred years ago. Roaming the plateau from winter and summer camps the nomads still mainly subsist from their yak herds. Then, there are the monasteries which are striving to find a place in a country that's suddenly facing the 21st century.

Facts About Tibet:

Land Size:
Total 2.5 million square kilometres (or 965,000 square miles). The TAR, consisting of U-Tsang and a small portion of Kham, is 1.2 million square kilometres in size. More than half the landmass of Tibet lies outside of the TAR.

Population:
There are around 6 million Tibetans; 2.7 million live in the TAR and the remainder in the Tibetan areas outside the TAR. There is also an undetermined number of Chinese in the Tibetan areas with the Tibetan Government-in-Exile estimating that the Chinese now outnumber Tibetans in Tibet. Additionally, approximately 120,000 Tibetans live in exile.

Government:
The Communist Party of China rules occupied Tibet. However Tibetans, both inside Tibet and in exile, recognise the Tibetan Government in Exile based in Dharamsala, India as their legitimate government.

Language:
Tibetan. The official language in Tibet following the occupation is Chinese.

Religion:
The majority of Tibetans practice Tibetan Buddhism. Other religions: Bon, Islam, Christianity.

Economy:
Tibetans ate predominantly in the agriculture and animal husbandry. Chinese are predominantly in government, commerce and the service sector.

Major Rivers: Yarlung Tsangpo (Brahmaputra in India), Machu (Yellow River in China), Drichu (Yangtse in China), Senge Khabab (Indus in India), Phungchu (Arun in India), Gyalmo Ngulchu (Salween in Burma) and Zachu (Mekong in Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos).

Bordering Countries:
India, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma, East Turkestan (north of Tibet, not shown; also occupied by China), China

Average Altitude:
4,000 metres or 13,000 feet above sea level

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